I just received word that Dr. Brian O'Leary, author of "The Energy Solution Revolution," has passed away today in his home in Ecuador. If you get a chance, review his outstanding work in the field of Energy. This pioneer will be greatly missed and we send loving thanks and gratitude to his spirit for the courageous contributions he made to humanity.
DR. BRIAN O' LEARY
Author, Scientist, Former Astronaut, International Speaker
Originally Posted by GroundRod
My personal opinion is that it will be a generation before gold even gets back to 1:1, it will remind to many people of the Banksters and how they stole everything from them with their scheming fiat scams. Silver will become King of trade with farmers, ranchers and those with something extra of value, not gold, which will have a negative emotion for most in the western world, for many years to come...
Originally Posted by giuseppe
GR, you think Silver will be worth more in value than Gold?
Do you base it on supply, or something other. i just think that is an interesting thought.
Sorry it's taking me so long to respond to this, once I found your question, remembered right away when asked in our latest interview with him, Richard Sauder mentioned something about Silver worth more than Gold. Could have been mistaken, if I find that time index in the 4 hour interview, will let you know.
Anyway, regardless had to not think about this question for an additional week, then just today the answer popped into my head. Here goes....
Imagine this scenario: As the dollar plunges into worthlessness and the federal reserve is dissolved, a new form of currency will arise. It must or all aspects of the central control structure would crumble. A new form of script or 'binary only' money to pay the troops with (as it were-minions & the like) must be very believable, so I'm starting to suspect it will be backed by Gold, as many commentaries have hinted at, or at least that is the line which will be preached on MSM. Who's really going to know if it's backed by physical or not? For the most part they have it tucked away somewhere and can only show us endless pictures of it all, being newly accounted for. Most of us will feel there is no choice, but to swallow the pill and accept the new rations allocation that comes with it.
Now another aspect to this story, as these folks running this theater play aren't stupid and so I'm sure they have thought of this: Those individuals, that have a heavy Gold allocation in their portfolio are likely to love this new currency and the large amount of this 'new money' they can acquire with only one small oz of physical. Many once alienated by distaste for the crimes from a past system & leadership failures, can now be welcomed back into the fold, cheerfully given access to all the security cards and new encryption plastic to accounts filled to overflowing for having the keen insight and taken physical possession of the metal Gold, all they need do is relinquish possession of it, possibly to one of the newly 'authorized' dealers and all their past sins will be forgiven.
But what of the other 99.9% of the population that has no Gold saved and was relying on the US Dollar for all their saving and retirement plans? As Jules would say: Sorry, bad luck mate, the stuff hyper-inflated it's way to oblivion over that last week, while the banks had to be closed.
Which brings me back to Silver. Allot of folks are going to be really pi$$ed off about this, and want nothing to do with the new currency or with Gold or it's digital equivalent.
Instantly (or not, still gnawing on that) an unofficial trade & barter economy will form, some of it based on Silver and that part of it rapidly discounting the new official Gold backed digital currency for things that really matter, like food. Energy is a tricky point, will it be allowed to fall into the hands of non-participants in the new currency? Don't know the answer to that either, but my guess is it will be very hard to come by without participation. That goes for all it's forms, like electricity, auto fuel, heating oil, etc...As for having Internet access, one must assume it will be only available to those participating in the new currency.
It's under these conditions (or something similar) for which I see Silver take the lead and the physical metal become more valuable than Gold.
At this point many of you reading this scenario probably see allot of questions come to mind, remember I'm just brainstorming ideas & trying to answer giuseppe's question....
So this brings me to an important point about divide and conquer that has worked so well for centuries in controlling the human animals. Which side of this divide will you be standing on, when the dust appears to have settled? Think long and hard about what factors would drive you to side with Gold and who it stood for. If handing over a 100oz bar of Gold could make you a billionaire on the one hand, and possibly get you killed as an elitist for trying to sell it on the black market for less value than a 100oz of Silver was worth, in the other. Which side of this trade are you going to gravitate to?
Regardless, in this imaginary world scenario, the metal Silver would then have become more valuable than Gold and at the same time become the metal of choice for only thieves, criminals and those other anonymous folks out in cyberspace trying to destroy our system and world governance.
* — Pastry
* 2 1/4 cups all-purpose flour (spoon flour into dry measuring cups to overflowing and sweep off excess with a straight edge)
* 1/2 teaspoon salt
* 1/2 cup (1 stick) cold unsalted butter, cut into pieces
* 1/2 cup Crisco, at room temperature, cut into pieces
* 6 tablespoons ice water
* 1 1/2 teaspoons cider vinegar
* — filling
* 1 cup sugar
* 4 tablespoons quick-cooking tapioca
* 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
* 1/2 teaspoon freshly grated nutmeg
* 1/8 teaspoon salt
* 5 cups fresh or partially thawed frozen huckleberries or wild blueberries
* 2 tablespoons freshly squeezed lemon juice
* 2 tablespoons cold unsalted butter, cut into small pieces
* — sugar for top of pie
* Prep Time - 30
* Cook Time - 75
1. To make the pastry, stir together the flour and salt in a large bowl. Add the cold butter pieces and work them into the flour using a pastry blender or two knives until the butter is the size of small peas. Add the shortening and work it into the flour until the pieces of shortening are about the same size as the butter pieces. Combine the ice water and vinegar in a small cup. Add to the flour mixture about 1 tablespoon at a time while tossing with a fork. Continue mixing until the dough just gathers into a ball. Divide the dough into two portions, one slightly larger than the other. Flatten each into 1-inch-thick disks, wrap tightly in plastic wrap, and refrigerate for about 2 hours. Roll the larger piece of dough on a lightly floured surface into a 12-inch circle and fit it into a 9-inch pie plate (ovenproof glass preferable). Do not trim off excess pastry, just let it hang. Refrigerate.
2. To make the filling, combine the 1 cup sugar, tapioca, cinnamon, nutmeg, and salt in a large bowl. Add the huckleberries (if frozen, be sure berries are half-thawed before using) and lemon juice and fold everything together gently to combine well. Let stand 15 minutes. (Important to do this to soften the tapioca). Adjust two oven racks with one on the bottom shelf and the other in the center. Put a heavy baking sheet on the bottom rack and preheat the oven to 450 degrees.
3. To assemble the pie, on a lightly floured surface, roll the second piece of dough into an 11-inch circle. Spoon the huckleberry filling into the pastry-lined pan and dome it slightly. Distribute the butter pieces evenly over the filling. Use a pastry brush to moisten the edges of the bottom pastry and cover with the top pastry. Press edges together firmly, fold it back on itself to make a standing rim and flute. Brush top of pastry with water and make 5 or 6 slits for steam to escape. Sprinkle top evenly with 1 tablespoon sugar.
4. Baking. Put the pie onto the heavy baking sheet on the lower rack and bake 25 minutes. Carefully transfer the pie with the baking sheet to the center rack. Reduce the oven temperature to 350 degrees, and bake until the pastry is a deep golden brown and the pie juices bubble thickly through the slits, about 50 minutes more. Cool the pie completely, at least several hours, before cutting and serving. If you cut the pie too soon, the filling will run all over the place. You can hasten the setting of the filling by refrigerating the pie for 3 to 4 hours once it has reached room temperature.
Note: Trout Lake Mushroom Company (509-395-2835) ships fresh huckleberries from August to September. The company then freezes its leftover berries and sells them frozen until they run out. Both fresh and frozen cost $30 to $40 for 5 pounds, enough for 3 pies.
Recipe by Greg Patent.
Key Lime pie (ridiculously simple)
9" graham cracker crust
14 oz can condensed sweeten milk
3 egg yolks - (whites not used)
1/2 cup key lime juice
Blend until smooth
Pour into crust
Bake at 350 for 15 min
let stand 10 min
Refrigerate until cool
Optional top with whip cream and slice of lime
I use "Nellie & Joe's famous Key west lime juice" - from the grocery store.
Other important stuff:
Knife - a jack knife with scissors is useful, leave the machete at home unless you are hiking through the jungle
Lighter or matches - mentioned again because it’s a good idea to have a back up
Hygiene kit - toothbrush, powder (cornstarch and baking soda work well), soap (optional but appreciated by others), rubbing alcohol (to keep your feet happy and fungal free), etc…
Bandana and/or small camp towel
Nylon cord or thin rope – 30 to 50 feet for bear bagging, drying clothes and tying down tent
Water purification - filter or chemical treatment
Two water bottles - usually one liter each
Water Bag – 1 to 2 gallon capacity saves extra trips to the water source and needed for waterless stretches
Flashlight or headlamp - don’t get caught in the dark
Spare batteries - see above
Bug dope - Citronella or deet combo, for your summer sanity
First aid Kit - see pre-packaged kits for ideas, make sure to have moleskin and duct tape
Snake Bite Kit - optional placebo for your peace of mind. Use the Extractor not old fashioned razor style that do more harm than good
Repair kit – Duct tape, thread, needles, patches for tent and air mattress, etc…
Whistle - For emergencies only please
Sunscreen - for those days when the sun isn’t hiding behind the trees and the clouds
Maps, compass and guide books - just in case you get tired of following someone else’s trail
Options for some necessities for others:
Walking stick or two - for those of us who are balance impaired, also helps to save sore knees and ford streams
Camp shoes – light weight sandals or cheap sneakers, handy for around town and stream crossings
Earplugs – for shelter use. There is always one snorer in the crowd
Book - for the nights when those snorers keep you awake, field guides are also good to have
Camera - worth the weight.
Cell phone and radio – if you truly believe you need these gadgets to survive in the wilderness then take them but PLEASE do not subject others to the
noise of your fancy toys
On the trail I would occasionally run into weekenders who would show me their big knives or occasionally firearms and ask what I carried for protection. I would have to resist the urge to say "That's not a knife, now this is a knife" before pulling out my micro swiss army knife with a one inch blade and tiny scissors. I really never felt threatened while on the trail. I had my walking sticks to ward of snakes and dogs and didn't feel the need for much else. I carry a slightly bigger folding knife today and would consider carrying some pepper spray if I was to thruhike again, but I still feel a lot more threatened in town than I do in the woods. Most bad people are lazy and do not wander far from roads. That might change in a melt down situation so if walking to avoid danger I would certainly recommend better protection.
Backpacking stove - a few hardy souls survive without one
Pot - used for cooking and eating out of (no need for an extra dish), usually between one and two liters
Potholder - a bandana will do if you want to save an ounce
Lighter or matches - unless your good at rubbing sticks together
Spoon - no fork needed
Spices - your choice, I like adobo as a good all around spice mix
Vitamins - a helpful supplement on long treks
Food bags- filled to your own tastes, get rid of extra packaging by storing food in Ziplocs
When asked what I thought about most while hiking, the easy answer is always food. The average thruhiker burns between 4000-6000 calories per day. I could only carry about 3500 calories/day without my pack getting too heavy. This leaves thruhikers in a constant deficit and explains why all you can eat restaurants are so popular amongst the hikers. I once measured the calories I ate during a typical layover day in town. Breakfast, lunch dinner, and multiple snacks added up to 10,000 calories. By the middle of the trail I had lost 20lbs, including much of the muscle in my upper body.
The funny thing is that during the first couple weeks of a long distance trek, most people are not that hungry. Exertion, heat, change in diet and routine all add up to lack of appetite. You sometimes need to force yourself to eat enough. But once you burn through your fat reserve, hunger strikes with a vengeance and your body starts craving what you need. For instance, I was brought up in a very meat and potatoes family. But on the trail I started craving salads. I had also given up adding any salt to my food, but on the trail I found myself needing a lot more to replace what I was sweating away.
Low weight, high calorie foods are a must. Canned foods just do not have a good weight to calorie ratio. Pasta is probably the most carried, followed by instant rice dishes. The dehydrated backpacking diners are ok but pricey. Regular rice and beans take a long time to cook and require a lot of fuel. On an extended trip it is easy to get bored of the usual meals so variety is important.
As I said, on the AT I lost about 20lbs and was not that out of shape to begin with. Before the PCT I bought a dehydrator and had a much better variety of nutritious veggies, beans and meat. I was able to maintain my weight for most of that hike.
It is just about impossible to forage for food and hike a lot of miles in a day. Hunting and gathering is a full time job. If you need to get somewhere, do not count on being able to find much food along the way.
Footwear – comfortable, light and supportive boots (good running shoes are an option if you have sturdy ankles and a very light pack)
Rain jacket – Gore-Tex and similar materials are good for certain conditions but cheaper options usually work fine
Shorts or convertible pants - fast drying synthetic (non cotton usually nylon or polyester)
T-shirt - cotton or synthetic
Thermal underwear - synthetic tops and bottoms
Insulating layer - fleece jacket or wool sweater
Socks - wool, synthetic or a combination
Sock liners – optional, helps some people prevent blisters
Rain pants – lightweight non-coated nylon doubles in summer as bug pants
Hat and gloves – mountaintops can be chilly even in the summertime
Gaiters - usually low style helps keep pebbles and dirt out of boots
Good footwear is the key. Whether you chose boots or running shoes they need to fit and they need to be broken in. Nothing short of a broken bone, will slow you down more than improper footwear. Footwear also wears down over time. When I hiked the PCT I went through three pairs of light hiking boots. I fellow hiker went through 6 pairs of high quality running shoes. That was for 2600 miles of hiking. I ran into several folks who had pushed their shoes beyond their useful life and had ended up with stress fractures because of it.
Heavy boots last longer but I only know of a handful of folks who have made a whole long distance trail on one pair of boots. Heavy boots also require long periods to break in. You feet will break before your boots break in if you do not start off slow and steady. In a hot climate, full leather boots can give you heat blisters.
Properly fitting lightweight boots and running shoes are broken in out of the box. They also break down much quicker, as mentioned above.
Mid weight boots offer a good compromise.
For much of the Western US, I prefer breathable boots with a full length nylon shank. Kind of a cross between a lightweight and mid weight hiking boot. But these are very hard to find. In the winter I use mid weight leather boots for their water proofness on the snow.
Another issue, is that feet change as you hike. The hiker who went through six pairs of running shoes had his foot grow three sizes due to his arch falling from all those steps with a pack on. I have the advantage/disadvantage of flat feet, so my foot size barely changed.
Here are excerpts from an equipment list I made for a backpacking class. This list was intended to give folks a basic idea of the items needed for a spring to fall backcountry trip. Whether the trip is an overnight or a six-month journey the list remains basically the same. This is not a bug out bag list, though my BOB contains most all of these items. My BOB serves the dual purpose of a get me home bag and a stay out for a little while if I have to bag.
When thruhiking the goal is to carry as little weight as possible while still having what you need to be safe and comfortable. The latest thing in thruhiking is the ultralight craze. You carry so little that you are only comfortable when moving. If lost or injured and forced to stay still for awhile, ultralighters end up very uncomfortable. As with most things in life it is about balance.
One suggestion I will strongly make is to carry the lightest gear possible that will still do its job and hold up for a reasonable amount of time. It is up to you to decide which gear is right for your journey. But, the goal should be for your pack with food and water to weigh less than 1/3 of your body weight (closer to 1/4 is ideal).
Backpack - internal or external, generally between 4000 and 6000 cubic inches
Sleeping bag - down or synthetic usually rated between 15 to 25 degrees
Sleeping pad – self inflating air mattress or foam pad
Shelter - tent, bivy or tarp. Less than 4 lbs. of shelter weight per person is ideal.
Make sure you get the pack professionally fit. Most folks at outdoor gear stores do not know how to properly fit a pack. A comfortable pack will make a heavy load more bearable. A poorly fitting pack will make even light loads painful to carry. Look for someone who truly knows what they are doing. A good pack fitter will insist that you put a full load of weights in the pack and tell you to walk around the store for awhile to see how it really feels.
Many people here envision scenarios where they may be forced to put on a pack and take a long walk. Over the past decade and a half I have walked well over 20,000 miles with a pack on my back for both work and pleasure. I have also given lectures, advice and taught backpacking courses for hundreds of folks. So I thought I would start a thread where we can share tips and advice on long distance trekking.
Yes everyone here knows how to walk. But walking for 10, 20, 30 miles a day for days, weeks, months on end without running your body into the ground takes a certain amount of skill, the right gear, a little luck, and most importantly the right mindset.
When I hiked the AT in the mid 90s, it was estimated that only 1 out of every 10 people who started the trail made it all the way to the end. I saw people who quit on the approach trail before even making it to the start of the trail. These are folks who dreamed of doing this for years, even decades. Folks who took the brave first step of chasing their dream (something most folks never do). Yet despite their bravery they gave up when faced with their first obstacle.
Most of these folks who dropped out on the first day had no experience or real clue of what they were in for. But experience was not the deciding factor for success on the trail. The majority of experienced outdoors folks that I ran into on the early parts of the trail also ended up quitting in the weeks to months ahead.
I was certainly not experienced. I had read what I could and talked to a thruhiker from the 70s who gave me some good advice as well as some very outdated advice. But I had only been on a backpacking trip once in my life. I barely knew how to work my camp stove. My pack was way too heavy and fit me very poorly. I was sick for a month before I started and had not done any training. Yet I managed to stumble and bumble my way along the trail for over 2000 miles to the end.
I believe my success came partly from my inexperience. I was open to new ideas and incorporated new ideas that worked and quickly gave up equipment and hiking styles that did not. Due to early physical challenges (tendinitis in my knees and a sprained ankle) I learned to listen to my body and not push it beyond its limits. I was stubborn, refusing to quit on a bad day and not having any urge to do so on a good day. But mostly, I learned to muddle through the grind while keeping my senses and mind open to those fleetingly sublime moments that the universe presents you with on a daily basis.
Self knowledge and adaptability are keys to success in most endeavors. Long walking is no exception. But being in shape and having the right equipment is a big bonus. I will post my thruhiking equipment list and more thoughts as time allows.
here's one that might work with a solar oven:
Coconut custard pie
combine in bowl:
6 tbsp butter or margarine
1/2 cup flour
2 cups milk
3/4 cup sugar
1 tsp vanilla
mix together the above ingred and then add in 1 cup coconut and mix together well
pour into a greased and floured pie plate - bake 50 - 60 min at 350 degrees
pie makes its' own crust